Selecting the right cooling connectors can be tricky and most companies stick to previously tested methods when new tools are ordered.
That is a good thing as many models are non-interchangeable with each other even if the size is the same.
Be especially careful with BSPT abd NTP as they will fit each other but not create a good seal due to the difference in angle.
- HASCO plugs are available in both BSPP and BSPT
- HASCO nipples are BSPP
- DME nipples are available in BSPT, BSPP, NTP or M
BSPP (British Standard Parallel Pipe) is most popular in the UK, Europe, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. It is a parallel thread fitting that uses a bonded seal ring to do the sealing. This bonded ring seal is sandwiched in-between a shoulder on the male fitting and the face of the female fitting and is squeezed in place. BSPP pressure gauges have a longer male thread and use a copper crush washer that is squeezed in between the bottom of the male fitting and the bottom of the female BSPP hole forming a pressure tight seal. No thread sealant is needed to form a seal.
NPT (National Pipe Thread) seals are the most popular type of seal for pressure calibration systems in the U.S. and Canada. NPT male adapters have a taper thread that wedges into the female NPT adapter. They seal due to the “out of roundness principle” which means that the male stretches the female fitting until there is so much force that the connection can hold pressure. Thread sealant is needed to seal but only 2 turns of thread sealant is required.
BSPT (British Standard Pipe Thread) is similar to NPT except for one important difference. The angle across the flanks of threads (if you sliced the fitting in half long-ways and measured the angle from root to crest to root) is 55 degrees instead of 60 degrees as it is for NPT. Thus an NPT male will fit into a BSPT fitting or vice versa but they will not seal. This is a popular fitting in China and Japan but is very rarely used in North America unless the equipment to which it is attached was imported. Thread sealant is needed to seal the male and female fitting together.
Good luck with your connectors and please contact us at The Tool Hub if you have any questions.